Master Venkateswara (Sanskrit: वेङ्कटेश्वर, IAST: Vēṅkaṭēśvara), otherwise called Śrīnivāsa, Bālājī, Vēṅkaṭa, Venkata Ramana, Vēṅkaṭāchalapati, Tirupati Timmappa, Ezhumalaiyaan,Edukondalavaadu, Aapadamokkulavadu and Govindha, is a type of the Hindu god Maha Vishnu. Master Venkateswara is the directing god of Tirumala Venkateswara Sanctuary situated in Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Venkateswara truly signifies “Master of Venkata”. The word is a mix of the words Venkata (the name of a slope in Andhra Pradesh) and isvara (“Master”). As per the Brahmanda and Bhavishyottara Puranas, “Venkata” signifies “destroyer of sins”, getting from the Sanskrit words vem (sins) and individualized organization (intensity of insusceptibility).
It is additionally being said Venkata is mix of two words ‘ven’ (wards off) and ‘individualized organization’ (inconveniences). Being that said Venkata signifies ‘who wards off difficulties’ or ‘who removes issues’ or some other sentence in comparative setting. The early authors of the symbol, didn’t have the foggiest idea who’s divinity it was. However, they trusted it is a blessed symbol and begun venerating. Seen their desires are for the most part full-filled as they revered and all difficulties settled in the wake of adoring the icon. That spot turned out to be so well known with in brief time of the time and those local people began calling the god saying Venkata then Venkateshvara (Venkata + eeshvara). Other not many names are ‘Venkata Ramana’, ‘Aapadamokkula Vaada’, ‘Venkatachalpathi’, ‘Anaadha Rakshaka’.
Venkateswara’s obligation to Kubera
Consistently, lakhs of enthusiasts give a lot of riches at the Tirumala Venkateswara Sanctuary at Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh. There is an incredible legend behind this manifestation of Master Vishnu.Once,there was a custom to be directed. The sages and pontiffs for the Yagna were in a difficulty that for which God is the custom to be finished. The sages called for Sage Bhrigu, one of the Saptarishis to request which God ought to be the custom done. To test the perfect God, Bhrigu did a test. He originally went to Lord of God’s, Indra. Indra didn’t at all perceive Bhrigu’s essence and was occupied in hypnotizing the move of devadasis in the paradise. Bhrigu reviled Indra that he would be just be alluded as a selfish soul everywhere throughout the universe. He next visited Brahma. Brahma was occupied with his four heads in reciting the Vedas, doing contemplation, making the world and investing his energy with his associate, Saraswati. Bhrigu reviled him that he would be not adored by the animal on the earth any longer for not obeying me. Next he visited Ruler Shiva. Shiva was occupied in his Rudradhyanam and his partner, Mother Parvati was loving Shiva’s feet. Bhrigu reviled Shiva that he would be revered distinctly as a stone called Lingam. Finally, Bhrigu went to Master Vishnu. Vishnu was resting on the bed of snakes and Lakshmi was at his feet. When Bhrigu showed up, he originally observed Vishnu’s feet and felt excessively mortified. He in this manner kicked Vishnu on his chest and stirred Vishnu began kneading Bhrigu’s feet and served him incredible accommodation. Bhrigu was satisfied and requested the sages to play out the customs for Vishnu. Goddess Lakshmi, additionally alluded as Sri, had a battle with Ruler Vishnu as she felt that Bhrigu offended her by implication by hitting Vishnu on his chest where Sri lived and along these lines left Vaikunta. She came and chose earth in camouflage in the old city of Karvir(Kolhapur) and pondered Vishnu where today the Mahalaxmi sanctuary is found. Ruler Vishnu before long showed up on earth looking for Goddess Lakshmi. Be that as it may, He neglected to discover her and rather chose Seshachalam slopes inside an ant colony dwelling place. Like this, master vishnu arrived at the spot of piligrimage of ruler varaaha swamy in Tirupati tirumala. Master vishnu sat inside an ant colony dwelling place which was arranged under one tamarind tree and began reciting the name of goddess mahalaksmi.
The entire earth got melancholy. On the solicitation of Parvati and Saraswati, Ruler Shiva and Master Brahma manifested as a cow and a calf individually in the Chola kingdom.This cow and calf were being munched every day by a shepherd of Chola realm in the Seshachalam slopes. The bovine and calf, ordinary used to store their milk in the ant colony dwelling place to diminish the thirst of Vishnu. Because of day by day program, the cow and calf got pale and unfortunate. The Chola lord and shepherd saw this and felt something dubious. The following day the shepherd took the creatures for eating and like regular, the bovine and calf stored their milk in the ant colony dwelling place. The Chola lord saw this demonstration and propelled his bolt towards the dairy animals and calf. In any case, so as to secure them, Vishnu emerged from the ant colony dwelling place and the bolt hit Vishnu’s leg. The Chola ruler was upset for his error and gave up at Master’s feet. Ruler introduced him a shelter that he would wed his girl in his next birth. In his next birth, Vishnu manifested as Srinivasa to a lady named Vakula Devi. It is said that in Dwapara Yuga, Krishna introduced Yashoda a help that Krishna will be again destined to Yashoda in Kali Yuga. Vakula Devi was rebirth of Yashoda. Meanwhile,Goddess Lakshmi of Karvir took birth at the royal residence of Aakasha Raja, the following birth of The past Chola ruler. Srinivasa was a timberland inhabitant. During the pursuit, Ruler Srinivasa met the delightful young lady named Padmavati. The two of them experienced passionate feelings for and chose to get hitched according to the aid of Vishnu to Chola ruler in past birth.
The dad of Padmavati requested a tremendous marriage cost and to pay the cash Ruler Vishnu took an enormous credit from Kubera, the Hindu god who is the treasurer of riches. Kubera gave the advance relying on the prerequisite that Vishnu can’t come back to Vaikunta (grand residence) without taking care of the obligation.
Ruler Vishnu lives at Tirumala,that is the Seshachalam slopes as Tirupati Venkateswara without coming back to Vaikunta until the installment is made. To assist him with reimbursing his obligation, fans offer him everything, including hair and riches and consequently Ruler Vishnu satisfies their petitions.
In 2018, a RTI request was documented by Narasimha Murti, a RTI extremist having a place with Bangalore, looking to know “the amount Master Venkateswara had gotten from Ruler Kubera and what number of more years it would take for the enthusiasts to clear this obligation”.
Venkateswara, a symbol of Vishnu is the directing divinity of the Tirupati sanctuary. It is accepted that the Moolavirat is Swayambhu (self showed).
According to Vaikanasa agamas, Venkateswara is spoken to by five deities(berams) including the Moolavirat which are together alluded to as Pancha beramulu(Pancha implies five;Beram methods Divinity). The five gods are Dhruva Beram(Moolavar), Kautuka Beram, Snapana Beram, Utsava Beram, Bali Beram. All the pancha berams are put in the Garbha griha under Ananda Nilayam Vimanam.
Moolavirat or Dhruva Beram-In the focal point of Garbha griha, under the Ananda Nilayam Vimana, the Moolavirat of Venkateswara is found in standing stance on lotus base, with four arms, two holding Shanka and Chakra and one in Varada act and other in Kati act. This divinity is viewed as the principle wellspring of vitality for the sanctuary and enhances with Namam and gems including vajra kiritam(diamond crown), Makarakundalams, Nagabharanam, Makara Kanti, Saligrama haram, Lakshmi haram. Venkateswara’s associate, Lakshmi will remain on the chest of the Moolavirat as Vyuha Lakshmi.
Bhoga Srinivasa or Kautuka Beram – This is a little one-foot (0.3 m) silver god which was given to the sanctuary in 614 Advertisement by Pallava Sovereign Samavai for directing celebrations. Bhoga Srinivasa is constantly positioned close to one side foot of Moolavirat and is constantly associated with the fundamental god by a blessed Sambandha Kroocha.This divinity will get numerous every day sevas(pleasures) in the interest of Moolavar and henceforth known as Bhoga Srinivasa(In Telugu: Bhoga implies Joy). This divinity gets Ekanthaseva day by day and SahasraKalasabhisheka on Wednesdays.
Ugra Srinivasa or Snapana Beram – This god speaks to the fearsome(Telugu: Ugra implies irate) part of Master Venkateswara. This god is the fundamental processional god until 1330 CE when it was supplanted by Malayappa master god. Ugra Srinivasa stays inside the sanctum sanctorum and comes out on a parade just a single day in a year: on Kaishika Dwadasi, before the dawn. This divinity gets day by day abhishekam for the benefit of Moolavirat, giving the name Snapana Beram(Sanskrit: Snapana implies purging)
Malayappa master or Utsava Beram – Malayappa is the processional deity(Utsava beram) of the Sanctuary and is constantly flanked by the gods of his consorts Sridevi and Bhudevi. This divinity gets all celebrations like Brahmotsavams, Kalyanotsavam, Dolotsavam, Vasanthotsavam, Sahasra deepalankarana seva, Padmavati parinyotsavams, pushpapallaki, Anivara asthanam, Ugadi asthanam and so forth.
Koluvu Srinivasa or Bali Beram-Koluvu Srinivasa speaks to Bali Beram. Koluvu Srinivasa is viewed as the gatekeeper divinity of the sanctuary that manages its budgetary and monetary issues. Every day Koluvu seva(Telugu: Koluvu implies occupied with) will be held in the first part of the day, during which, the earlier day’s contributions, salary, consumptions are told to this divinity, with an introduction of records. Panchanga sravanam likewise will be held simultaneously during which that specific days Tithi, dawn and dusk time, nakshatra are advised to the Venkateswara.