Mangala (Sanskrit: मङ्गल, IAST: Maṅgala) is the name for Mars, the red planet, in Hindu writings. Otherwise called Lohit (which means: red), he is the divine force of war, chaste and once in a while connected to god Karttikeya (Skanda). His starting points shift with various legendary writings; in a few, he is the child of Bhumi, the Earth Goddess and Vishnu, conceived when he raised her from the profundities of water in Varaha symbol. In different fantasies, he is conceived from Shiva’s perspiration or blood drop.
Mangal signifies ‘heavenly and propitious’ in Hinduism, thus Hindus consider “Tuesday or Mangal” as a promising day to start any new work. Tuesday gets its name from ‘Mangal’ which implies effective, Mangal is additionally accepted to mean Ruler Hanuman. In Hindu folklore, it is considered as the child of Earth. It is referenced in the ‘Shiva Purana’ that it was conceived from the drop of sweat of Shiva and turned into a divinity and set up in the sky. A legendary record of the beginning of Mars is found in the Avantika segment of Skanda Purana. Some time ago, Ujjayini used to lead in Puri, a devil known as Andhra. His incredible child was named Kanaka Evil spirit. When that superpowered legend moved Indra to fight, Indra irately battled with him and slaughtered him. In the wake of executing that evil presence, they went to Mount Kailash, discovering Master Shankar in dread of Andhakasura. Indra seemed to Master Chandrasekhar and disclosed his situation to him and appealed to God for insurance, God! Nunnery me Andhakasura Hearing the expression of Indra, the displaced person Vatsal Shiva conceded Indra the dread and tested Andhakasura to fight, the fight turned out to be incredibly furious, and keeping in mind that battling, a drop of sweat fell on the earth from Master Shiva’s head, red like a coal from it. Bumiputra Mangal with appendage was conceived. Commending these names as Angaraka, Raktaksha, and Mahadev child, the Brahmins recognized them among the planets, at that point at that place Brahma Ji set up the best Shivalinga called Mangaleshwar. By and by this spot is acclaimed as Mangalnath Sanctuary, which is situated in Ujjain.
As indicated by Brahma Vaivarta Purana, Hiranyaksha, sibling of the evil spirit ruler Hiranyakashyap, took the earth and brought it into the sea. Master Vishnu took the Varaha symbol and executed Hiranyaksha and expelled the earth from the pit and introduced it on the sea, on which his dad Brahma made the world. Prithvi came as Sakam and adored Shri Hari who was in Varah structure. Seeing the wonderful alluring type of the earth, Shri Hari enslaved the work and played the Rati with the earth for the awesome year. Because of this fortuitous event, with time, an extraordinary kid was conceived from the belly of earth, which is known as Mars. This story is likewise depicted in Bhagwat. Is Mars sitting in the horoscope giving favorable outcomes? On the off chance that you need to know, at that point think about these things: Mars has the idea of an honorable officer. Such an individual stays just and fair. On the off chance that propitious, a brave military official is shaped or a pioneer or prevalent pioneer in an organization. Mars is a planet that sudden spikes in demand for goodness, however on the off chance that Mars is inspired to go towards malicious, it doesn’t down and this is the purpose behind its in-promise. Authority characteristics in Mars make an individual prevailing. Are solid and fearless. His eyes are long and the skin is tambourine. Such an individual has confidence and can be perceived in the group.
Mangala as a planet shows up in different Hindu galactic messages in Sanskrit, for example, the fifth century Aryabhatiya by Aryabhata, the sixth century Romaka by Latadeva and Panca Siddhantika by Varahamihira, the seventh century Khandakhadyaka by Brahmagupta and the eighth century Sisyadhivrddida by Lalla. These writings present Mangala as one of the planets and gauge the qualities of the individual planetary movement. Different messages, for example, Surya Siddhanta dated to have been finished at some point between the fifth century and tenth century present their parts on different planets with divinity legends.
The original copies of these writings exist in somewhat various variants, present Mangala’s movement in the skies, however change in their information, proposing that the content were open and modified over their lives.
The first thousand years CE Hindu researchers had assessed the time it took for sidereal transformations of every planet including Mangala, from their galactic examinations, with marginally various outcomes:
Sanskrit and other texts: How many days for Mangala (Mars) to complete its orbit?
Source Estimated time per sidereal revolution
Surya Siddhanta 686 days, 23 hours, 56 minutes, 23.5 seconds
Siddhanta Shiromani 686 days, 23 hours, 57 minutes, 1.5 seconds
Ptolemy 686 days, 23 hours, 31 minutes, 56.1 seconds
20th century calculations 686 days, 23 hours, 30 minutes, 41.4 seconds
Schedule and zodiac
Mangala is the base of the word ‘Mangalavara’ or Tuesday in the Hindu schedule. “Tuesday” in the Greco-Roman and other Indo-European schedules is additionally committed to planet Mars, alluding to “Tīw’s Day”, the day of Tiw or Týr, the divine force of war and triumph. Tiw was compared with Mars in other Indo-European folklores. The word मंगल additionally signifies “propitious” however the planet मंगल is viewed as malefic.
Mangala is a piece of the Navagraha in Hindu zodiac framework. The zodiac and naming arrangement of Hindu crystal gazing, including Mangala as Mars, likely created in the hundreds of years after the appearance of Greek soothsaying with Alexander the Incomparable, their zodiac signs being about indistinguishable.
He is painted red or fire shading, four-furnished, conveying a trident (Sanskrit: trishūla), mace (Sanskrit: gadā), lotus (Sanskrit: Padma) and a lance (Sanskrit: shūla. His mount (Sanskrit: vahana) is a smash. He directs (Tuesday).
Mars (Mangala) is additionally called:
Angāraka (अङ्गारक) – one who is red in shading additionally called
Raktavarna (रक्तवर्ण) – whose shading resembles blood.
Bhauma (भौम) – child of Bhumi.
Lohitānga (लोहिताङ्ग) – red bodied (Loha additionally implies Iron, so could likewise mean Iron Bodied).
Kuja (कुज) – he who is conceived from Earth.
Bha (भ) – sparkling.
The word Mangala is antiquated, first showing up in the Rigveda (pre-1000 BCE), and referenced by grammarian Patanjali (~2nd century BCE), however not as a prophetic term, rather to signify “promising effective” (siddha) structure in abstract expressions. Panini also makes reference to it in stanza I.3.1 in a comparative setting. In the Vedic writings, states Christopher Minkowski, there is no notice of promising customs, or propitious beginning or timing of a custom, rather the “mangala” as favorable practices likely rose in the Indian conventions during the medieval time (after mid first thousand years CE), from that point found in Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. The formal Mimamsa school of Hinduism did exclude any mangala (favorable) sections, identified with plane “Mangala” in any of its content all through the first thousand years CE.
The Markendeya Puran has “मङ्गल्कवचम् स्तोत्र ” alluding to planet “Mangal”.