Undavalli Caves

Andhra Pradesh Vishnu Temples

The Undavalli Caverns, a solid case of Indian stone cut design and probably the best tribute to antiquated viswakarma sthapathis, are situated in Undavalli of Guntur area in the Indian territory of Andhra Pradesh. The caverns are found 6 km south west from Vijayawada, 22 km north east of Guntur City of Andhra Pradesh. It is one of the midway ensured landmarks of national significance.

Ananta Padmanabha Swami Temple.jpg
By Ramireddy.yOwn work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link

Undavalli Caves at Mangalagiri 02.jpg
By Chaitanya VuddantiOwn work, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link

Undavalli caves munis.jpg
By NarahcOwn work, CC BY-SA 4.0, Link

History

These caverns are supposed to be found in seventh century. They are related with the Vishnukundi lords of 420-620 CE. These caverns are committed to Anantha Padmanabha and Ruler Narashimha. Buddhist priests utilized these as rest houses.

Sequence

These caverns were cut out of strong sandstone on a slope in the fourth to fifth hundreds of years CE. There are a few caverns and the most popular biggest one has four stories with a gigantic reproduced sculpture of Vishnu in a leaning back stance, etched from a solitary square of stone inside the subsequent floor. Numerous Buddhist relics and stupas in Andhra were changed over into Hindu temples and gods and undavalli is a model. It was initially a Jain cavern taking after the engineering of Udayagiri and Khandgiri. The principle cavern is perhaps the soonest case of Gupta engineering, fundamentally crude stone cut religious community cells cut into the sandstone slopes. At first, the caverns were molded as a Jain house and the principal floor habitation despite everything holds the Jain style; the vihara displays Jain monastics and incorporates tirthankara figures. This first degree of the cavern is a cut vihara and incorporates Buddhist fine art. The site filled in as the Bhikkhu religious complex during antiquated period. The dividers of the caverns show models cut by gifted skilled workers.
The caverns are encircled by green open country. From the high slope over the cavern sitting above the Krishna Stream many fine examples of rock-cut engineering can be seen.

Engineering

It is a Great Four story rock cut sanctuary with East-bound veneer of 29m long, 16m wide. There are variety top to bottom of each floor. The ground floor is an incomplete low pillared lobby with 8 columns and 7 entryway openings on fa├žade. The principal story suits triple altar at back, each with the pillared corridor in front, initially committed to the Trinity (Siva, Vishnu, and Brahma).
Models on the dividers speak to Vaishnava gods. The subsequent story has a pillared rectangular place of worship of Master Vishnu on a Snake. Figures of Shiva and Vaishnava and a couple of like the Vaishnava Alwars are molded later on. The highest floor was incomplete with a Triple Altar. A portion of the sculptural examples are ascribed to Chalukyan period. It has 5 meter long sculpture of Ruler Buddha in leaning back position.

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