Kayavarohan or Karvan is a town in the Vadodara area of the territory of Gujarat, India. Kayavarohan is prominently known as Karvan and is arranged on the National Highway 8 a good ways off of 30 km from Vadodara. Kayavarohan is considered as the origin of Lakulisha, the second Century C.E. Shaivite Pentecostal, reformer and propounder of the pashupata principle. It is a significant strict spot because of its Lakulisha sanctuary.
Kayavarohan (Karvan) is an old town accepted to have existed through every one of the Four Ages. According to Shaivite folklore, Lord Shiva in the Lakulish indication showed up at this spot. As indicated by folklore and puranas, from here Lord Shiva transmigrated into the type of a Brahmin kid. Along these lines the spot came to be known as Kayavarohan [Kaya (Body) + Avarohan (Descent) = Where the body of the Lord has descended]. It is an old town accepted to have existed through every one of the Four Ages as indicated by the Hindus. As indicated by a prominently held conviction, it was from here that Lord Shiva in the appearance of a youngster transmigrated after death and his body vanished. In this manner the spot came to be known as Kayavarohan.
Various copper coins and a stone quern have been found from here. A delightful head of Tapas, the picture of Kartikeya and a symbol of Uma Maheshwara are a portion of the archeological example found from here that are saved locally in a gallery.
Kayavarohan is one of the sixty-eight ‘teerthas’ (Pilgrimage) of Lord Shiva as referenced in the Shiva Purana. In any case, Kayavarohan isn’t among the 12 Jyotirlingas as referenced in the Shiva Purana.
It is of extraordinary criticalness to the Pasupatas (Followers of the Pashupati), those in the profound after of Lakulish, for it is viewed as the spot of Shiva’s appearance on earth in that manifestation. Lakulish is viewed as the 28th birth of Shiva. Shiva had gone to the earth as Lakulisha through Kayavarohan, actually signifying ‘Plummet of the structure’.
Kayavarohan harbors the Brahmeshwar Jyotirshivlang sanctuary, professed to have been established by Maharshi Vishwamitra. It has been held that the manifestation of Shiva in Lakulish has converged with the linga in Shambavi Mudra.
The Kayavarohan lingam speaks to the “indistinct” yet a one of a kind, excellent famous type of Shiva bearing the picture of a thinking yogi, who holds materials in a single hand and citron (Matulinga) in the other.
It is accepted that Ichhapuri was the fundamental spot of journey in Satyuga, Mayapuri in Treta Yuga, Meghavati in Dwapar Yuga, and Kayavarohan in the current Kali yuga. This sanctuary has a Lingam of Lord Shiva, comprised of dark stone. It is accepted that Maharshi Vishwamitra had introduced this Linga of Lord Shiva during the Ramayana time frame.
In the Vedic occasions, Kayavarohan/Karvan was a well known focal point of learning and instruction and used to house various Vedic Universities, Yajna Shalas and the sanctuaries of numerous Hindu Gods.
The legend has it that during the savage attack of Mahmood of Ghazni, the glowing jyotirlinga with Lakulish blended the light of the entirety of the other 12 jyotirlingas into its structure and vanished.
Directly, there is an underground contemplation cavern at the Kayavarohana sanctuary utilized for segregation and reflection.
There is a Swaminarayan Hindu sanctuary worked by Haricharandas Swami in Vikram Samvat 1971 which falls under the Vadtal Gadi. It is situated by Kayavarohan Tower close to Gam panchayat.
Maha Shivratri is most well known celebration in Kayavarohan. During the hallowed day, many men wear Lord Mahadev’s clothing and show up at the sanctuaries.
The town and its encompassing regions are of incredible archeological centrality. Antiquated models and relics having a place with the second century have been exhumed from this spot.
Later during the Dark Ages of Hinduism (Muslim intrusions and resulting rule from eleventh century CE. to seventeenth century CE), beginning with the assaults of brute Muslim pirate Mahmud Ghazni, who plundered and obliterated the sanctuary of Somnath in Gujarat, all the Shiva sanctuaries at Karvan were spoiled and bulldozed by the dissenter Muslim trespassers. Be that as it may, the Shiva Lingas of the annihilated sanctuaries despite everything endure and stay at the site, without sanctuaries around them.
The sanctuary of Lakulish and sanctuaries of Karvan were modified and reestablished during the late twentieth century by the Hindu profound pioneer Kripalvanand.
Various Hindu symbols, number of copper coins and a stone quern have been found from Kayavarohan. A great head of Tapasvi, the picture of Kartikeya and an icon of Uma Maheshwara are a portion of the uncommon and unparalleled archeological example found from Kayavarohan. Kayavarohan is a position of incredible archeological significance and the A.S.I. Archeological Survey of India has recorded Karvan as a legacy site and has set up an extraordinary exhibition hall for the remaining parts found around this site. Karvan is one of the significant locales of Indian Heritage.