Adhirangam Ranganathaswamy sanctuary or Ranganatha Perumal Temple is a Hindu sanctuary devoted to Vishnu situated in Adhi Thiruvarangam in the Taluk of Sankarapuram, Tamil Nadu, India. Developed in the Dravidian style of engineering, the sanctuary is accepted to have been worked by the Medieval Cholas, with later commitments from Vijayanagar rulers. The sanctuary covers a region of 5 sections of land (20,000 sq meters) and has a verifiable grain stockpiling holder.
Ranganatha Perumal is accepted to have appeared to ruler Mahabali and the Azhwars. Six day by day ceremonies and twelve yearly celebrations are held at the sanctuary, of which the chariot celebration, commended during the Tamil month of Chittirai (March–April), is the most conspicuous. The sanctuary is open from 6 am to 7:30 pm. The sanctuary is kept up and managed by the Hindu Religious and Endowment Board of the Government of Tamil Nadu.
According to Hindu legend, an evil spirit ruler named Somukan took all the Vedas from the Devas and all the sages were concerned. They engaged Vishnu, who showed up as Ranganatha at this spot to rise up out of water to save the sacred texts. He is likewise accepted to have exhorted Brahma at this spot. According to another legend, a lord named Surakeerthi who was childless adored Vishnu at this spot to get kids. Chandra, the moon god, lost all his sparkle because of a revile he caused. The divine gods prompted him to venerate Vishnu at this spot. He set up a tank and adored Ranganatha with the blessed waters and accepted to have been assuaged off his revile. The sanctuary tank, Chandra Pushkarani, is accepted to be the tank he built up.
Design of Adhirangam Ranganathaswamy Temple
The sanctuary has a level rajagopuram, the passage tower and is encircled by tall stone dividers. The sanctuary covers a zone of 2 sections of land (8,100 sq meters) and has two areas. The managing divinity, Ranganatha Perumal, has an overwhelming picture estimating 29 ft (8.8 m) made of mooligai silai(idol made with herbs) and is found in leaning back stance in the sanctum. The five headed snake Adisesha is worn as an umbrella for the directing divinity made of plaster. The sanctum likewise houses the picture of Sridevi close to his head and Bhudevi close to his foot. The celebration god, Rangarajan alongside his consorts Sridevi and Bhudevi are additionally housed in the sanctum. There is a mace made of silver situated close to the arm and the picture of Garuda seen in imploring stance is situated close to the foot of the managing god. The pictures of Azhwars are housed in the corridor going before the sanctum. The focal holy place is drawn closer from the gopuram pivotally through a four pillared mani mandapam and pillared corridors of mukha mandapam and artha mandapam. The sanctuary of Ranganayaki, the associate of Ranganathar is situated in a place of worship corresponding to the sanctum. The sanctuary has a verifiable grain stockpiling holder made of block situated in the south east corner of the sanctuary. The silo is one of its sort as in different sanctuaries like Srirangam, Jambukeswarar Temple at Tiruvanaikaval and Palaivananathar Temple at Papanasam. It is accepted that ranchers in the district store their grains in the sanctuary, which additionally suits commitments of the contributors to the sanctuary. There are places of worship of Kodandarama, Hanuman and Krishna around the sanctum. The holy place of Ranganayagi has etched columns made in Vijayanagara style. There is a colossal foot of Vishnu is seen around the western side in the primary region.
Celebrations and strict practices
The sanctuary ministers play out the pooja (customs) during celebrations and regularly. As at other Vishnu sanctuaries of Tamil Nadu, the clerics have a place with the Vaishnavaite people group, a Brahmin sub-position. The sanctuary customs are performed six times each day: Ushathkalam at 7 a.m., Kalasanthi at 8:00 a.m., Uchikalam at 12:00 p.m., Sayarakshai at 6:00 p.m., Irandamkalam at 7:00 p.m. also, Ardha Jamam at 10:00 p.m. Every ceremonial has three stages: alangaram (adornment), neivethanam (food offering) and deepa aradanai (waving of lights) for both Ranganatha Perumal and Ranganayagi. During the last advance of love, nagaswaram (pipe instrument) and tavil (percussion instrument) are played, strict directions in the Vedas (hallowed content) are presented by ministers, and admirers prostrate themselves before the sanctuary pole. There are week after week, month to month and fortnightly customs acted in the sanctuary. The picture of the directing divinity is made of plaster and thus sacrosanct ablutions are not performed for it. The sanctuary follows Vaikasana Agama. The celebrations related with Vishnu like Vaikunta Ekadasi, Krishna Janmashtami, Ramanavami and Adi Pooram are commended in the sanctuary. The prime sanctuary celebration, the Brahmotsavam, has been suspended for a long time by virtue of poor support.
The sanctuary is considered as Periya Perumal sanctuary, which means the picture of managing Ranganathar is bigger than the one found at Ranganathar Temple at Srirangam. The sanctuary discovers notice in the Sanskrit work Skanda Purana.