The Vaimānika Śāstra (वैमानिक शास्त्र, lit. “shastra on the subject of Vimanas”; or “study of air transportation”, at times likewise rendered Vimanika, Vymanika, Vyamanika) is a mid twentieth century message in Sanskrit. It makes the case that the vimānas referenced in antiquated Sanskrit sagas were progressed streamlined flying vehicles.
The presence of the content was uncovered in 1952 by G. R. Josyer who declared that it was composed by Pandit Subbaraya Shastry (1866–1940), who directed it during the years 1918–1923. A Hindi interpretation was distributed in 1959, while the Sanskrit content with an English interpretation was distributed in 1973. It contains 3000 shlokas in 8 sections which Shastry asserted was clairvoyantly conveyed to him by the old Hindu sage Bharadvaja. The content has picked up favor among advocates of old space travelers.
An examination by aeronautical and mechanical building specialists at the Indian Establishment of Science, Bangalore, in 1974 inferred that the airplane depicted in the content were “poor inventions” and that the creator indicated a total absence of comprehension of aviation. Concerning “Rukma Vimana”, the investigation noted, “If the art is interpreted as meaning what the drawing and the content say, it tends to be expressed that the specialty is a chosen difficulty”.
Starting point and distribution
Subbaraya Shastry was a spiritualist from Anekal, who was rumored to stand up sections (slokas) at whatever point he got motivation, portrayed by Josyer as “a mobile vocabulary talented with mysterious recognition”. As indicated by Josyer, he directed the content to G. Venkatachala Sharma in the mid 1900s (finishing it in 1923). As per the history uncovered by Mukunda et al., Shastry was conceived in a little town in Hosur Taluk. His folks passed on at a youthful age and he was infected and in a poor state. While meandering, he met an extraordinary holy person at Kolar, who started him into otherworldliness and uncovered to him a few shastras, including the Vimana Shastra. Thereafter, Shastri subsided into typical life. Shastri had no conventional tutoring and figured out how to peruse and compose simply in the wake of coming back from his experience with the holy person. It is far-fetched the content was his own development.
Subbaraya Shastry kicked the bucket in 1941, and Venkatachala brought his original copies into keeping. The Vaimānika Śāstra original copy showed up at Rajakiya Sanskrit Library, Baroda by 1944. The content was distributed in Hindi in 1959 and later in English by G.R. Josyer, titled Vymanika Shastra. Josyer’s release additionally included representations drawn by T. K. Ellappa, a designer at a neighborhood building school in Bangalore, under the heading of Shastry, which had been missed in the 1959 release.
Its reality was first reported freely in a 1952 official statement by G.R. Josyer, who had established his “Worldwide Institute of Sanskrit Exploration” in Mysore the prior year. In the foreword to the 1973 distribution that contained the full Sanskrit content with English interpretation, Josyer cites a 1952 official statement of his which was “distributed in all the main dailies of India, and was taken up by Reuter and other World Press News Administrations”:
Mr. G. R. Josyer, Chief of the Worldwide Institute of Sanskrit Exploration in Mysore, over the span of a meeting as of late, demonstrated some antiquated original copies which the Foundation had gathered. He asserted that the original copies were a few a huge number of years old, arranged by old rishis, Bharadwaja, Narada and others, managing, not with the otherworldliness of old Hindu way of thinking of Atman or Brahman, yet with progressively commonplace things fundamental for the presence of man and progress of countries both in the midst of harmony and war. One composition managed Air transportation, development of different kinds of airplane for common avionics and for fighting. Mr. Josyer gave a few kinds of structures and drawing of a helicopter-type freight stacking plane, extraordinarily implied for conveying combustibles and ammo, traveler airplane conveying 400 to 500 people, twofold and treble-decked airplane. Every one of these sorts had been completely depicted.
Josyer then tells how he was visited by “Miss Jean Lyon, columnist of Toronto and New York” for a meeting, and how Lyon in her Simply A large portion of a World Away (1954) presumed that he was “blameworthy of a raging patriotism, looking to clear out everything since the Vedas”.
A basic audit articulated’s first experience with be “least insightful by any gauges” and said that “the individuals associated with distribution – straightforwardly or by implication – are exclusively to fault either for twisting or concealing the historical backdrop of the compositions”, maybe trying to “laud and praise whatever they can discover about our past, even without legitimate proof”. By following the provenance of the composition, talking with partners of Shastry (counting G. V. Sharma to whom the content was initially directed), and dependent on the etymological investigation of the content, the audit inferred that it appeared at some point somewhere in the range of 1900 and 1922.
Structure and substance
Not at all like current treatises on aviation that start by examining the general standards of trip before specifying ideas of airplane structure, the Vaimānika Shāstra begins with a quantitative portrayal, as if a specific airplane is being depicted. The subjects secured incorporate, “meaning of a plane, a pilot, ethereal courses, food, apparel, metals, metal creation, mirrors and their uses in wars, assortments of hardware and yantras, planes like ‘mantrik’, ‘tantrik’, and ‘kritak'” and four planes called Shakuna, Sundara, Rukma, and Tripura are depicted in more noteworthy detail. The surviving content is professed to be just a little (one-fortieth) some portion of a bigger work Yantra Sarvaswa (“About machines”) formed by Maharishi Bharadwaj and different sages for the “advantage of all humanity”.
J. B. Rabbit of the Web Holy Content File in 2005 ordered an online release of Josyer’s 1973 book, in the website’s “UFOs” area. In his presentation, Bunny composes
The Vaimānika Śāstra was first dedicated to composing somewhere in the range of 1918 and 1923, and no one is asserting that it originated from some baffling classical composition. The truth of the matter is, there are no original copies of this content before 1918, and no one is asserting that there are. So on one level, this isn’t a lie. You simply need to get tied up with the presumption that ‘diverting’ works. … there is no article of the hypothesis of aeronautics (not to mention repulsive force). In plain terms, the Versus never straightforwardly clarifies how Vimanas get uncertain. The content is top-substantial with not insignificant arrangements of frequently peculiar fixings used to develop different subsystems. … There is nothing here which Jules Verne couldn’t have concocted, no notice of extraordinary components or propelled development strategies. The 1923 specialized outline dependent on the content … are irrationally un-streamlined. They appear as though brutalist wedding cakes, with minarets, enormous ornithopter wings and small propellers. As such, they look like run of the mill mid twentieth century dream flying machines with an Indian wind.
A recent report by specialists at the Indian Foundation of Science, Bangalore, found that the heavier-than-air airplane that the Vaimānika Śāstra portrayed were aerodynamically unfeasible. The creators commented that the conversation of the standards of trip in the content were generally spur of the moment and erroneous, sometimes disregarding Newton’s laws of movement. The examination finished up:
Any peruser at this point would have closed the self-evident – that the planes depicted above are the best poor blends, as opposed to articulations of something genuine. None of the planes has properties or abilities of being flown; the geometries are inconceivably terrible from the perspective of flying; and the standards of impetus make them oppose as opposed to help flying. The content and the drawings don’t connect with one another even specifically. The drawings certainly point to an information on current apparatus. This can be clarified based on the way that Shri Ellappa who made the drawings was in a neighborhood building school and was along these lines acquainted with names and subtleties of some apparatus. Obviously the content holds a structure in language and substance from which its ‘ongoing nature’ can’t be attested. We should hurry to call attention to this doesn’t infer an oriental nature of the content by any stretch of the imagination. All that might be said is that specifically the drawings should be governed out of conversation. What’s more, the content, the way things are, is deficient and questionable without anyone else and erroneous at numerous spots.
The creators communicated puzzlement at the inconsistency and blunders in the Vaimānika Śāstra content, particularly since its compilers as far as anyone knows approached distributions that didn’t make such mistakes, (for example, Dayanand Saraswati’s critique on the Rigveda distributed in 1878 or before).
The 102nd Indian Science Congress held at the Mumbai College in January 2015 composed a meeting on “old sciences through Sanskrit” in which an introduction on Vaimānika Śāstra was incorporated. It was conveyed by Anand J. Bodas, a pilot, and Ameya Jadhav, who holds in a M.A. in Sanskrit just as a M.Tech. degree. Bodas, addressing the news media, has said that the planes of Vedic occasions could fly from nation to nation, yet in addition “from planet to planet.” “back then, planes were immense in size, and could move left, right, just as in reverse, dissimilar to present day planes which just fly forward,” he included. Smash Prasad Gandhiraman, a NASA researcher, propelled an on-line appeal requesting that the discussion be dropped as it speaks to pseudo-science.
Vaimānika Shāstra and vimanas are additionally referenced in works about pseudoscience, for example, Superb’s Pseudoscience: A Basic Reference book.
In mainstream society
In 2010, ‘Prapaatha’, a Kannada language film made by K. Suchendra Prasad, has a story line where a youngster attempts to discover works of Subbaraya Shastry.
In 2015 Hindi film Hawaizaada, Vaimānika Shāstra has been appeared as the primary hypothesis book to manufacture “India’s originally unmanned plane”. The book was appeared by Pandit Subbaraya Shastry (depicted by Mithun Chakraborty), who initially composed it.
In 2016, ‘Vyamanika’ is a team collection recorded by Unit Downes on chapel organ and Tom Challenger on saxophone in five Suffolk houses of worship on the slipimprint recording name.